Alison M. Trinkoff, ScD, MPH, RN, FAAN, professor at the University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, was recently awarded a research grant from the National Council of State Boards of Nursing to explore effective methods of evaluating long-term care quality. Trinkoff was awarded the grant in collaboration with associate professor Meg Johantgen, PhD, RN, assistant professor Nancy B. Lerner, DNP, RN, CDONA, professor Carla Storr, ScD, MPH, and post-doctoral fellow Kihye Han PhD, RN. Funding for the two-year, $296,594 research grant begins Sept. 1.
The study will look at the relationships among regulations, leadership and quality of care across diverse long-term care facilities. In addition to nursing homes, other types of residential facilities have been developed to meet the demands for alternative levels of care. These facilities require appropriately trained personnel and strong leadership to provide quality care to people with complex physical and mental health needs. However, regulations for operating these facilities vary by state.
Additionally, researchers will examine the influence that variations in care regulations have on resident outcomes. The study will also explore the role of credentials for the administrative leadership team in these facilities. Upon completion of the study, recommendations will be made on improving the regulation of direct care providers, which could have a beneficial impact on care.
"We know that there are many elders in the long-term care system with significant healthcare needs, and the quality of the care they receive needs attention," Trinkoff said. "Gaining a greater understanding of the role of nursing in long-term care is crucial for making regulatory recommendations and maintaining quality care. Our goal is to examine outcomes data and make regulatory recommendations that could lead to better care."