Pulmonary Hypertension in Children


Pulmonary Hypertension in ChildrenA review of 15 years’ worth of data in a national pediatric medical database has documented what many pediatric cardiologists and frontline clinicians at tertiary care centers have anecdotally noted for nearly a decade-a substantial increase in the rate of hospitalizations for children with pulmonary hypertension.

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a form of high blood pressure once most common in those with congenital heart disease. But while it remains relatively rare overall in children, a report on the data analysis on hospitalizations nationwide for PH overall doubled between 1997 and 2012, with national hospital charges to treat the children rising from the millions to the billions of dollars.

The reason for the trend of increased hospitalization is not entirely clear, but it likely reflects several components, including better recognition of PH, broader inclusion of patients with PH and a growing population of patients who survived extreme prematurity, a risk factor for PH, researchers tell ADVANCE.

Read more in the cover story of this digital edition.

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